GLOBALCULTURZ Vol.IV No.1 January-April 2023 ISSN:2582-6808
Article ID-2023-4-1-001 Pages: 551-557 Language: Hindi
Date of Receipt: 2023.04.20 Date of Review: 2023.04.29 Date of Pub: 2023.04.30
Domain of Study: Humanities & Social Sciences Sub-Domain: Education
मॉरिशस के माध्यमिक विद्यालयों में द्वितीय भाषा के रूप में हिंदी-शिक्षण: स्वरूपगत विश्लेषण
[Hindi as a second language teaching in Secondary Schools of Mauritius: A formative analysis]
Dr. Krishna Kumar Jha
Senior Lecturer & Head
Department of Hindi Studies
Mahatma Gandhi Institute
About the Author
At the Mahatma Gandhi Institute in Mauritius, Dr. Krishna Kumar Jha leads several departments with success. He is currently the head of the Hindi Department and has previously contributed to several special issue magazines published by the Department of Creative Writing and Publications. In the same institute, where he was appointed the head of the Language Resource Centre, he launched online introductory courses in several Indian languages. He also produced multimedia CDs to encourage young children to learn Indian languages and to make it easy for them to do so effectively using modern technology. In addition, he serves as the coordinator of the committee responsible for developing the Hindi curriculum for the Mauritius Ministry of Education. In this way, he has been promoting Hindi language and Indian culture in Mauritius for almost 22 years.
Note in English
The Hindi language was preserved by culture in Mauritius and began its illustrious journey from Baithkas through secondary schools before arriving in higher education institutions.Indian immigrants place significant weight to the language out of cultural pride. In Mauritius, all languages are taught as second languages, however Hindi is the third most popular language after English and French. Creole, the native tongue of the locals, has just made its way into the school curriculum and is now taught as an examinable subject., which is taught as a second language, had to overcome many obstacles in order to keep its status. Now that Creole is being emphasized in the school curriculum, Hindi will need to rise to new difficulties. For those who are passionate about Hindi, it is now imperative that they review the strategies and approaches used in Hindi instruction and create new ones in order to meet the new obstacles.
The research paper on &;Teaching Hindi literature as a second language in Mauritius' secondary schools; formative evaluation & discusses not only the current state of language teaching, creative and corrective measures, but also perspectives and recommendations for the effective teaching and learning of Hindi in Mauritius, so that Hindi has a solid foundation in contrast to English and French.
मॉरीशस की मॉरीशस के लगभग १८४ माध्यमिक विद्यालयों में लगभग १७००० हिंदी पढ़ने वाले छात्र और ३२५ हिंदी के अध्यापक हैं । अंग्रेज़ी और फ्रेंच भाषाएँ माध्यमिक विद्यालयों में अनिवार्य भाषा और हिंदी वैकल्पिक भाषा के रूप में पढ़ाई जाती है । सन् २०११ से देश में मातृभाषा-शिक्षण के रूप में प्राथमिक विद्यालयों में क्रियोल की पढ़ाई शुरू हो गई है । भोजपुरी एक दो अभ्यास कार्य के रूप में हिंदी के ग्रेड १ और ग्रेड २ की पाठ्यपुस्तकों के अंतर्गत ही स्थान प्राप्त की हुई है । यहाँ पढ़ाई जानेवाली सभी प्रमुख भाषाएँ अंग्रेज़ी, फ्रेंच और हिंदी द्वितीय भाषा के रूप में ही पढ़ाई जाती हैं । ऐसी स्थिति में भाषागत शिक्षण का प्रश्न मॉरीशस में आज भी बेहद पेंचीदा है। बीजशब्द- मॉरीशस, हिन्दी भाषा, शिक्षण